The Karlovy Vary International Film Festival is the largest film festival in the Czech Republic and the most prestigious such festival in Central and Eastern Europe. It is one of the oldest A-list film festivals (i.e., non-specialized festivals with a competition for feature-length fiction films), a category it shares with the festivals in Cannes, Berlin, Venice, San Sebastian, Moscow, Montreal, Shanghai, and Tokyo. Among filmmakers, buyers, distributors, sales agents, and journalists, KVIFF is considered the most important event in all of Central and Eastern Europe.
Every year, the festival presents some 200 films from around the world, and regularly hosts famous and important filmmakers. The Karlovy Vary festival is intended for both film professionals and the general public, and offers visitors a carefully designed programme, excellent facilities and a broad range of other services.
A brief history
The first year of one of the world’s oldest film festivals was in 1946 in Mariánské Lázně. The festival moved to Karlovy Vary in 1947, and the following year the festival became competitive awarding its first Crystal Globe. In 1956, the International Federation of Film Producers Associations (FIAPF) officially designated Karlovy Vary a category A festival.
The Karlovy Vary festival spent 40 years operating under political pressures in socialist Czechoslovakia. In 1994, a new team headed by well-known Czech actor Jiří Bartoška and leading film journalist Eva Zaoralová took over the festival’s organization and decided to reshape the stagnating festival into an film forum deserving of international attention. In just a few years, the new programming and organizational approach implemented by Bartoška and Zaoralová helped the festival regain its previous level of prestige and win back the interest of film professionals and the general public.
Each year, the Karlovy Vary IFF presents some 200 films from all over the world. Many of the films are shown only at the festival, while others make it into Czech or foreign distribution, onto television, or into other festivals thanks in part to their screening in Karlovy Vary. Except for films shown as part of retrospectives, all the presented works were made during the preceding year and are shown for the first time ever in the Czech Republic – many of them as world, international, or European premieres.
The greatest focus is on the traditional programming sections – the main competition, which is reserved for feature-length films shot during the previous season that have not been shown at any other festival in international competition, and the section “East of the West”, an international competition of debuts and second feature-length films from Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans, Greece, Turkey, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and the Middle East shown exclusively as world, international, or European premieres. The audiences can also look forward to thematic sections, interesting retrospectives or homages to exceptional filmmakers.
The festival’s main objective is to promote the cinematic arts, to foster international exchange, and to help promote the films screened there. Every year, the festival presents some 200 new films from around the world, of which around 70 are shown as world or European premieres. Many of the films shown at the festival are still looking for an international sales agent. The main goal of the industry section is to connect film professionals, provide producers and directors with an opportunity to present their films, and to provide them with a space for meeting buyers, distributors, and representatives from other film festivals. The festival is visited by a total of nearly 850 film professionals from 60 countries throughout the world, with more coming every year.
Besides organizing various informal events, workshops, and panel discussions, every year the Karlovy Vary IFF holds the “Works in Progress” platform for a presentation of the most promising new films from eastern Europe, the Balkans, Turkey, and the countries of the former Soviet Union. All the participating films are in post-production or are just being completed; they do not have an international sales agent and their official premiere will be after the conclusion of the Karlovy Vary IFF. The “Pitch & Feedback” event gives the creators of new Czech and Slovak films-in-development a unique opportunity to receive feedback from various experts and to find co-production partners. “Docu Talents from the East” presents the most notable original documentaries from Central and Eastern Europe.
Cinema personalities at the festival
Founded in 1946 as the second film festival in Europe, today the Karlovy Vary festival is one of the most important cultural events in Central Europe. It is characterized by an inimitable audience experience and has long maintained its reputation as an informal gathering for fans of cinema. Every year, the festival presents a Crystal Globe for Outstanding Artistic Contribution to World Cinema to a leading personality of world cinema, whereby the festival recognizes actors and filmmakers for their inspiring work in the field of international cinema.
Important past recipients of the award include actors Robert Redford, Robert de Niro, Michael Douglas, Danny DeVito, John Malkovich, Harvey Keitel, Morgan Freeman, Liv Ullmann, Judi Dench, Susan Sarandon, John Travolta, Mel Gibson, Richard Gere, Willem Dafoe, Jean Reno directors William Friedkin, Miloš Forman, Stephen Frears, Nikita Michalkov, Roman Polanski, Ivan Passer, Oliver Stone, Carlos Saura, Franco Zeffirelli, Charlie Kaufman and producers Saul Zaentz and Robert K. Shaye.
All recent editions of the Karlovy Vary IFF have been characterized by a distinctive visual design, including an original trailer, with a new one shot each year by leading domestic directors. Over the years, the festival trailer has become a minor work of art in its own right, characterizing each individual year and capturing the festival’s unique atmosphere. Eventually, however, the festival decided to seek out a new trailer format for properly presenting the longstanding brand that is the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival.
And so, in 2008, the festival came up with a new and unique approach to its festival trailers, consisting of cinematic micro-stories featuring the laureates of the festival’s main awards – the Crystal Globe for Outstanding Artistic Contribution to World Cinema and the Festival President’s Award. These trailers are made by the leading internationally-respected advertising directors Ivan Zachariáš and Martin Krejčí, who are currently among the top filmmakers in commercial filmmaking. Their first series of trailers featured actors Danny DeVito and Harvey Keitel and directors Miloš Forman and Věra Chytilová. Over the subsequent years, this trailer collection grew to include shorts starring Andy Garcia, Jude Law, Helen Mirren, John Malkovich, Jiří Menzel, Otakar Vávra, and Miroslav Ondříček.
The trailers are randomly screened with festival films, and thus involve festival audiences in an unique game in which the various versions of the trailer are always a surprise.
The festival in numbers
300 international directors, filmmakers, and actors personally presenting their latest films
150 selected feature films seen by audiences every year
14 festival venues
70 films shown as world, international or European premieres
800 attending distributors, sales agents, producers, and festival programmers
700 attending journalists, primarily from Central and Eastern Europe
11 000 audience members
120 000 tickets sold